Story Behind the Art It was during the Mughal rule in India that the rug industry reached its zenith and came on its own as an art form. With Emperor Akbar setting up rug weaving centers in Agra, Delhi and Lahore during the late 16th century, the rugs produced designs that followed the Persian style. However, by the 17th century, the Indian rugs began to grow their own lexical and semantic iconography and differed significantly from the Persian prototypes. Tight weaving, silk like wool, bright, deep color range and realistic motifs became the defining feature of Indian rugs. It is this combination of exquisitely detailed and painstaking craftsmanship and masterful interplay of design elements that has earned Indian rugs age-defying allure and patronship defying borders and time. Today the Agra rugs combine the grandeur and grace of the well-known Persian antique rug designs with their own original themes. The Agra rug is famous for its use of floral tendrils, angular vines and stars and favors all-over angular designs with scrolling leaves, vines and large finely detailed flowers with bold floral borders.