Story Behind the Art Originating as a protest against mass produced inferior factory products of the 19th century, the Arts and Crafts Movement favored originality and craftsmanship. William Morris, main proponent of the movement, emphasized the use of handcrafts over the use of machinery and introduced a new design sensibility that evoked nature in home interiors through furniture, upholstery, wallpaper and rugs with intricate intertwining fruit, flower, and foliage patterns. The popularity of Morris’s rug designs has endured to the current times and stands emblematic of Art & Crafts rugs with their simple, bold, informal design themes rooted in nature. Today, the Arts & Crafts rugs embrace a multitude of styles ranging from the Art Nouveau style (rug patterns with flowing, curvilinear lines and nature-inspired, floral designs), Mission-style as well as geometric patterns inspired by Native American designs, American Prairie style and Caucasian rugs (hand-knotted rugs made in a small, Middle-Eastern region called the Caucasus). Arts and Crafts Rugs' natural motifs and interesting color palette add to their versatility and enduring charm.